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November

21Nov

Make judicious use of limited resources by implementing IoT (IPDS & RT-DAS)

by Team Digireach

We are entering an era of scarcity. The population is increasing rapidly across the world but the resources at our disposal is always limited. We need to find innovative ways to make maximum utilization of the existing raw material.

Create and collect: Sensors for collecting data from the end-points. This may be speed of wind, vibration, moisture etc.

Communication: Data collected from the sensors are then transmitted to the storage units for further processing

Accumulation: Data from various sensors are aggregated over a period of time to make a repository for further study

Analyze: Valuable insights are driven from the collected data. Graphs and patterns which are formed over a period of data generation is then analyzed using intelligence. This analysis can be done by an operator or an algorithm based on previous experience.

Action: Preventive actions or modification in the course of operation can be done to tweak the process. These small changes in the operation based on intelligible and concrete data collected from the operating units leads to optimum utilization of resources at hand.

The above steps if done in an appropriate manner can lead to judicious usage of the limited resources. ‘OPTIMIZATION’ is the key word. Implementation of IoT (Internet of Things) leads to optimization. Existing resources used in a more efficient manner. Successful installations can lead increase in revenue and improvement in quality of the final product.

IoT is basically collecting the data, organizing them, and getting insights to improve the operation to get monetization and quality benefits. Previously invisible data are now tracked all thanks to the assembly of sensors, communication networks and processing ability. What allows us to create information from action is the use of sensors, a generic term intended to capture the concept of a sensing system comprising sensors, microcontrollers, modem chips, power sources, and other related devices.

The Indian government is implementing schemes in the electrical sector to harness the latent energy which is wasted in our distribution networks. IPDS (Integrated Power Development Scheme) and RT-DAS (Real Time Data Acquisition System) are some the technology/ schemes which have been floated and have the backing of the government.

IPDS

    1. Strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution networks in the urban areas.
    2. Metering of distribution transformers / feeders / consumers in the urban areas.
    3. IT enablement of distribution sector and strengthening of distribution network
    4. Schemes for Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) and IT enablement of balance urban towns
    5. Underground cabling to include additional demand of States and smart metering solution

RT-DAS

To accurately measure reliability of power distribution network and facilitate utility to take suitable administrative action for enhancement of power reliability. The measurement of reliability shall be ensured by a real time data acquisition system (RTDAS).

 

11Nov

The magic of Industry 4.0

by Team Digireach

The three terms which propel Industry 4.0 are:

  • Automation

Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed with minimal human assistance.

  • Efficiency

The comparison of what is actually produced or performed with what can be achieved with the same consumption of resources (money, time, labor, etc.). It is an important factor in determination of productivity.

  • Optimization

An optimization problem consists of maximizing or minimizing a real function by systematically choosing input values from within an allowed set and computing the value of the function, or in other words, ‘the action of making the best or most effective use of a situation or resource’.

  • Forbes (business magazine) predicts that investment in the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) will top $60 trillion (USD) in the next 15 years.
  • There is approximately 25% reduction in asset maintenance cost and 35% reduction in downtime as assessed by Servicemax.
  • The number of B2B IoT connections will reach 5.4 billion by 2020 forecasts Verizon.

IoT or Industry 4.0 is the ubiquitous. The above predictions are from some noted magazines in recent news. It is not an empty catchphrase or marketing hype. The technology and term is here to stay and it’s slowly getting implemented all around us.

Manufacturing and industry are majorly going to get affected by the implementation of IoT.

  • Manufacturing operations

Manufacturing operations include the several elements which are typical in Manufacturing Operations Management (MOM), such as asset management, intelligent manufacturing, performance optimization, end-to-end operational visibility, performance monitoring, planning, human machine interaction,.

  • Production asset management and maintenance

This segment looks into production asset monitoring and tracking.  Monitoring of parameters such as quality, environment performance, potential damage or breakdowns, bottlenecks. Checks and improvements at each stage of asset manufacturing leads to improvement in quality of the end-product.

  • Field service

This segment of IoT lies outside the manufacturing facility. A very important part of any product is it’s after service nowadays. For example if a costly equipment which is critical to the operation of a plant is installed like an air compressors, it requires periodic maintenance. Optimum health of the air compressor is vital to maintain the productivity level. Predictive maintenance which monitors the health status and service at regular intervals based on the alerts from IoT sensors goes a long was in increasing the lifetime of these equipments.

All the above segments have immense scope of improvement and revenue generation with proper implementation of IoT.

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