Data is generated in various forms around us. We have off-late developed sensors , communication networks and cloud to tap into this resource and analyze it to our advantage. A major shift in technology is happening around the world, and it is centered around the Internet of Things (IoT) Most of the objects in our current world are not connected to a computer network, but that paradigm is rapidly changing.
Water is a precious resource which is wantonly misused across the world.
• What if the quality of water used is dependent on monetization?
• What if the supply and usage is tracked for efficient utilization?
• What if the salt and other mineral content can be tracked?
Answers to all these questions lies in IoT (Internet of Things) in water management.
Why IoT in water?
• Real-time usage statistics and analytics
• Water usage metering as per usage
• Reduction in Operation and maintenance cost
• Reduction in water pollution
The four stages of IoT in water management are as follows:
1. Water data from sensors
There are various indices used for tracking drinking water, sewage water, agricultural water etc.
2. Communication channel
Channel for communication can be selected depending on the range, size and speed of data transfer.
3. Collection center (Cloud)
You have the option for on-premises cloud, using any of the established services (AWS [Amazon], GCP [Google cloud platform], IBM Watson, Microsoft Azure), other local cloud platforms.
4. Display center (Dashboard)
The data can be represented on a mobile device or the main computer center. The display of the data can be designed to be appealing to the viewer. Alerts and threshold limits can be set at appropriate intervals according to the task at hand.
One of the crucial challenges of water management, as well as conservation in a city, is to determine the amount of water that any particular city is going to utilize during the next day.
We can integrate feature of a historian which can keep track of the demand, usage and supply of water at specific intervals or specific holidays. This can be calculated to precision with the use of predictive analytics. Based on the historical data collected and analyzed by predictive analytics.
Parameters like special events, holidays, as well as the weather of that city, can be taken into consideration and accurate prediction by the authorities can be made on the amount of water that the entire population is going to consume in one day.