We are entering an era of scarcity. The population is increasing rapidly across the world but the resources at our disposal is always limited. We need to find innovative ways to make maximum utilization of the existing raw material.
Create and collect: Sensors for collecting data from the end-points. This may be speed of wind, vibration, moisture etc.
Communication: Data collected from the sensors are then transmitted to the storage units for further processing
Accumulation: Data from various sensors are aggregated over a period of time to make a repository for further study
Analyze: Valuable insights are driven from the collected data. Graphs and patterns which are formed over a period of data generation is then analyzed using intelligence. This analysis can be done by an operator or an algorithm based on previous experience.
Action: Preventive actions or modification in the course of operation can be done to tweak the process. These small changes in the operation based on intelligible and concrete data collected from the operating units leads to optimum utilization of resources at hand.
The above steps if done in an appropriate manner can lead to judicious usage of the limited resources. ‘OPTIMIZATION’ is the key word. Implementation of IoT (Internet of Things) leads to optimization. Existing resources used in a more efficient manner. Successful installations can lead increase in revenue and improvement in quality of the final product.
IoT is basically collecting the data, organizing them, and getting insights to improve the operation to get monetization and quality benefits. Previously invisible data are now tracked all thanks to the assembly of sensors, communication networks and processing ability. What allows us to create information from action is the use of sensors, a generic term intended to capture the concept of a sensing system comprising sensors, microcontrollers, modem chips, power sources, and other related devices.
The Indian government is implementing schemes in the electrical sector to harness the latent energy which is wasted in our distribution networks. IPDS (Integrated Power Development Scheme) and RT-DAS (Real Time Data Acquisition System) are some the technology/ schemes which have been floated and have the backing of the government.
- Strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution networks in the urban areas.
- Metering of distribution transformers / feeders / consumers in the urban areas.
- IT enablement of distribution sector and strengthening of distribution network
- Schemes for Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) and IT enablement of balance urban towns
- Underground cabling to include additional demand of States and smart metering solution
To accurately measure reliability of power distribution network and facilitate utility to take suitable administrative action for enhancement of power reliability. The measurement of reliability shall be ensured by a real time data acquisition system (RTDAS).