First, let us understand what IoT stands for.
Internet of Things, popularly known as IoT, is a concept that involves the usage of an Internet connection on any device that’s not created for Internet usage to gather data and form an interconnected grid of devices. With IoT, information can be gained and analysed in real time.
IOT is the hallmark of Industrial revolution 4. The potential of IoT is limitless and is going to change the way people work. In fact, it will change the way people think.
Since the stone age, humans have striven to invent and discover things that make life easier. From fire and stone weapons to sophisticated technology that now dominates our life, the journey has been one of experimentation and progress. A few decades ago, the Internet was invented and that changed our lives because communication from across continents became a matter of every day life. The wonder of it never ceases to amaze. And now, inventors have found a way to use an Internet connection on simple devices like fridges, cars and toasters. With this connection, data can be gathered, analysed and applied even from a remote location. In a few years, IoT will be as common as the air we breathe.
Here are some of IoT’s applications as envisioned and already practiced in the world.
Smart home: Our homes aren’t just homes anymore, they’re smart homes. An IoT enabled home can be made secure, help you conserve energy, prepare an ambience, assist the sick and the elderly and keep an eye on your children. All done remotely.
Smart health: Health is potentially one of the biggest consumers of IoT. Remote monitoring of the sick and the elderly can save many lives that would previously have been lost. A timely call when unusual movements are detected or an alert when vital stats are abnormal, can make a world of a difference. Wearable fitness and health trackers are also immensely useful for health monitoring.
Smart city: After smarthomes, the next obvious step is a natural city. Traffic, water, environment, waste, security can be efficiently managed with IoT. The administrative system will be rendered more transparent with IoT enabled infrastructure in place.
Smart grids: A smart grid can connect different devices and share information to compare performance or usage. For example, a cars can be a part of a smart grid to better monitor traffic and pollution levels.
Smart industries: The potential of IoT usage in industries is humongous. An Internet connection can monitor devices and predict malfunctions before or when they are occurring. Timely troubleshooting can save quite a lot of time, money and resources.
Smart farming: As a field that’s largely dependent on weather, soil, water and air conditions, there are lots of possibilities for devices that are mostly remotely located in fields, to malfunction. All this can be prevented with IoT and make healthy, bountiful crops a surety. Livestock can be tracked to ensure their safety and that of a farmer’s livelihood.
And these are just a few of the ways in which IoT can be used. The possibilities are limitless and with the potential that IoT holds, even the sky is not the limit.